Groundbreaking Treatment Methods Prostate issues and cancer are more common in the 21st century than ever before

Urology refers to the examination and treatment of diseases of the urinary system. Finnish urologists draw from the best modern treatment alternatives. Treatment methods are decided case by case. Due to the prevalence of prostate cancer, a high number of such surgeries have been performed, which is why our urologists have become forerunners in robot-assisted surgery.

Finnish urologists specialise mostly in surgical techniques for the treatment of the urological diseases. Many are forerunners in robot-assisted surgery methods.

Urology in Finland

Finnish urologists mostly specialise in surgical techniques for the treatment of urological diseases. Surgery is an efficient way of treating cancer and can be used with kidney, bladder and prostate cancers as well as prostate adenoma.

Urologists also deal with other urinary problems with both men and women, as well as urinary incontinence issues. Certain urologists – andrologists – specialise in issues with the male sexual system: hormonal, functional and other abnormalities including the reproductive function.

Children's surgeons solve paediatric urology issues.

Prostate cancer is one of the cancers with the best recovery rates over the long term after receiving the right kind of treatment. Modern treatment methods with robotic-assisted surgery increase the recovery rate even further.

The Nordic countries are well-known for their ground-breaking treatment attitude towards prostate issues. The strong public sector with highly specialised private cancer centres make Finnish healthcare special and excellent in quality.


Problems with the urinary system are common and are mostly caused by infections.

These infections can produce pain, darker coloured urine, the feeling of needing to urinate frequently and in some cases, fevers, chills and abdominal pain.

Other causes of urinary problems can include prostate disease, certain cancers, ectopic pregnancies and a variety of other factors.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, or notice any other changes to your urine, including unusual discharges, bleeding, swelling or discomfort, you should consider visiting a doctor right away.

A 24-hour urine collection.

Antegrade pyelogram is an imaging test to find a blockage (obstruction) in the upper urinary tract.

CT scan: a type of imaging test that uses X-rays and computer technology to make images or slices of the body. A CT scan can make detailed pictures of any part of the body. 

Cystography: an imaging test that can help diagnose problems in your bladder. It uses X-rays.

Cystometry: a test used to look for problems with the filling and emptying of the bladder. 

Intravenous pyelogram: an imaging test used to look at the kidneys and urethra. The ureters are the narrow tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.

Kidney ultrasound: an imaging test that uses sound waves to look at your kidneys. It can check the size, shape, and location of your kidneys. It also lets your healthcare provider see how well blood is flowing in your kidneys.

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Available Treatments

Global healthcare statistics reveal that the range of oncological diseases is expanding, demanding new and improved treatments, and it is our endeavour to provide our patients with the most advanced and radical methods of treatment.

Typical Treatment Methods for Urological Diseases

Most of the urological operations are conducted using minimally invasive surgical procedures performed through the abdomen or the urinary tract.

Statistically, surgical treatment of prostate adenoma in Finland is most often performed by TURP (transurethal resection of prostate adenoma) or by PVP laser (laser vaporisation of the prostate).

Robotic-assisted surgery is used most of the times, in Helsinki the share of such operations is over 90%.

Open surgical operations can be performed when removing large kidney tumours or operating on invasive bladder cancer.

Bladder stones are removed by both endoscopic and open surgery as well as extracorporeal shock wave therapy (lithotripsy).

A significant role in the treatment of urological diseases is played by effective drug therapy, including modern targeted drugs.

Other operative procedures performed at national and international hospitals in Finland include:

Radical removal of the bladder with reconstruction and formation of the bladder from the small intestine

Surgical removal of kidney tumours

Removal of inaccessible metastases in the retroperitoneal space (penis or testicular cancer)

Reconstruction of the urinary tract

Surgical treatment of urethral stricture

Implantation of an artificialbladder sphincter

Sex change surgery

Laparoscopic and robotic surgery


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